Australia is like nowhere else on Earth, it has the oldest rocks, astounding plants and many animals you may not know very well! Our indigenous people have the oldest continuous cultures anywhere in the world.
See what you can find out with some quick facts below…or find out more by reading the book!
All of these words mean kangaroo
Kangaroo comes from Gangurru, spoken by the Guugu Yimithirr people of far-north Queensland. There are hundreds of words that mean kangaroo.
Meet the Noolbenger from Western Australia
The Noolbenger is tiny! (only 6-9cm) It loves using its long nose to feed on nectar from plants like banksias.
Mega Mountains at Uluru
Running through the middle of Australia near where Uluru is today, a mountain range stretched 2000 kilometres long and stood as tall as the Himalayas!
Bunya nut gatherings
One of the great gatherings of our First Nations people was the bunya nut feasts. People would travel hundreds and hundreds of kilometres to join in the feasting.
Murujuga rock carvings
In Murujuga, on the Burrup Peninsula in Western Australia, there are around one million pictures of life through the last ice age, of animals long gone – like the Thylacine (Tasmanian tiger).
Zircon Crystals - the oldest material on Earth
Parts of Western Australia are really old. In 2014, scientists found the oldest piece of Earth ever discovered – as tiny pieces of crystals called Zircon.
The oldest plant on Earth - King's Holly
In a secret location in Tasmania, there is a plant which has been growing for 43,000 years! It’s endangered and scientists think it’s the oldest individual plant on Earth.
Eels have been a popular food and are still eaten today. Have you ever eaten eel? In western Victoria, near where Portland is today, First Nations people didn’t just catch the odd eel, they farmed them.
Tasmanian waters are unlike any others and most of its marine life occurs nowhere else. These handfish are some of the rarest fishes in the world.
The Cassowary Plum
The cassowary plum produces incredibly large, blue, egg-shaped fruit that cassowaries love to eat. Once the fruit has been eaten (and pooed!) by a cassowary, the trees are much more likely to grow.
Before European settlement, Indigenous groups hunted, fished and farmed. They traded with other clans across the country. They had time for ceremonies, stories and song.
The world’s finest opals are found in Australia, in rocks that formed when the middle of Australia was covered by an inland sea, theEromanga.